Deputy for Social Sciences and Humanities from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Tri Nuke Pudjiastuti said that the Kalimantan region is dominated by mining companies. Residents often feel that they have been ostracized by stakeholders.
"Usually, migrants struggle more than local people. The level of marginalization is high. This is the challenge of the new capital in Kalimantan," Tri said in the National Seminar on the Placement of the State Capital and its Implications for the Social Life of the Population, at the LIPI Building, South Jakarta on Thursday, November 28, 2019.
Lack of education facilities in Penajam Paser Utara and Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan also plays a role in creating social inequality. Most local people do not meet the state civil apparatus (ASN) standards.
"There is an education gap. Civil servants need to do demanding work and they must easily adapt. While local communities will have more difficulties adapting," she said.
The government was also asked not to ignore the potential friction between the middle-class population and the rural population around the new capital city. The process of moving the capital must be in accordance with the original purpose, namely, to bring about economic and demographic adherence.